Nepal is divides into 3 regions; Himalayan region, Hilly region and Terai region. Terai region is located on the bottom part of Nepal. Terai is usually known as the grain house of Nepal since most the crops that are sold throughout Nepal are farmed from Terai region. The land area of Terai region is also very plain so it is most suitable for growing crops and other food items. The Terai is a region of grasslands, savannas and forests between the foots of the Hilly region.
Terai region covers about 17% of the total area of Nepal. The Terai stretches from the international border with India in the Far-Western region to the Easter region. It is located at an altitude of 67-300m (220-980 ft.). The terai region consists of many small and seasonal rovers, most of them which originate straight from the Himalayan regions. The Terai’s soil is alluvial and moist so that various species of food crops can cultured and harvested. Main crops that are cultivated are paddy, wheat, pulses, moong, sugarcane, jute, tobacco and maize. Many agro-based industries like jute factories, sugar mills, are established throughout the region.
In Nepal, Terai is differentiated in “outer” and “Inner” Terai. The Outer Terai starts from the southern edge of the Siwalik Hills. In Nepal, it extends to the border with India and includes drier, mostly cleared agricultural land. The major towns that are located on outer terai of Nepal are:
Bhadrapur, Mechinagar, Biratnagar, Inaruwa, Itahari, Lahan, Rajbiraj, Janakpur, Birjgung, Butwal and Siddharthanagar.
Inner Terai refers to elongated valleys lying between the Siwalik Range and the Mahabharat range. These valleys are known as “Duns”. Like for example Dehra Dun. Most of the valleys extend east-west to enclosing ranges. Inner Terai valleys historically were agriculturally productive but extremely malaraial. Indigineous Tharu people had resistance towards the disease due to the presence of sickle cells present in them. Some important towns in Inner Terai are Triyuga, Kamalamai, Bharatpur, Hetauda, tandi, Tulsipur, Tribhuvannagar, Deukhuri and Birendranagar.
Since the Terai region usually consists of forests it is more prone to diseases.
Tharu people have been the inhibitants of the Terai region from the very beginning. They had resistance towards malaria. After the launch of Malaraial eradication program many people from the Hilly region started to migrate towards the Terai region and hance sttled there. The eastern part has been occupied by castes and ethnic groups that migrated from India- the Madhesi people, a term that sometimes also includes the Tharu people. People from Hilly region were wealthier and hence purchased large amount of Land for themselves for irrigational purpose.
Day 01:Arrival in Kathmandu In ternational airport and meet with representative from Pink Mountain Treks and Expedition then transfer to Hotel.
Day 02:Drive or fly to Biratnagar.Visit to Terai of Eastern Nepal.
Day 05:Drive to Mirchaiya and visit to Saptari and Siraha of Mid Madhesh.
Day 08:Drive to Janakpur and visit to Dhanusha, Sarlahi and Siraha of Mid Terai and Madhesh.
Day 11:Drive to Kalaiya of Bara then Visit to Bara and Parsa of Western Madhesh.
Day 13:Fly or drive back to Kathmandu.
Day 14:Bhaktapur and Patan Tour
Day 15:Fly OutCustomize Trip
Day 1Arrival in Kathmandu In ternational airport and meet with representative from Pink Mountain Treks and Expedition then transfer to Hotel.
Day 2Drive or fly to Biratnagar.Visit to Terai of Eastern Nepal.
Day 5Drive to Mirchaiya and visit to Saptari and Siraha of Mid Madhesh.
Day 8Drive to Janakpur and visit to Dhanusha, Sarlahi and Siraha of Mid Terai and Madhesh.
Day 11Drive to Kalaiya of Bara then Visit to Bara and Parsa of Western Madhesh.
Day 13Fly or drive back to Kathmandu.
Day 14Bhaktapur and Patan Tour After breakfast, proceed to sightseeing tour to heritage sites of Bhaktapur and Patan, the most medieval-look town in Kathmandu valley, and visit its Durbar Square.In the afternoon, free in Thamel, tourists favorite shopping area.
Day 15Fly OutYou will be transfer to airport by representative of Pink Mountain Treks and Expedition for your flight to your destination before three hour of your flight schedule.
Kailash Mansarovat tour with Pink Mountain Treks and Expedition let you to feel most memorable adventure trip of the life.…In Detail